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Best airlines for accommodating disabilities

If a hiring occurs, such confidential information should remain confidential even after the individual is no longer an employee.

Additional and broader questions may be permitted depending on the circumstances and occupation.

A medical examination is a procedure or test that seeks information about an individual's physical or mental impairments or health.[7] The following questions are helpful in determining whether a procedure or test is "medical": A doctor or health care provider who conducts a medical examination (and/or inquiry) for an employer should not be responsible for making employment decisions or deciding whether or not a reasonable accommodation can or should be made.[15] The employer is responsible for such decisions. 151B does not contain any specific language requiring confidentiality of information obtained by an employer from medical examinations (and/or inquiries).

The doctor or other health care provider's role in this process is an advisory one, limited to advising the employer about the job applicant's functional abilities and limitations in relation to specific job functions, and about whether or not the job applicant meets the employer's health and safety requirements. Under Federal law, however, such information must be kept apart from an employee's personnel files as a separate, confidential medical record, even information which the prospective employee voluntarily tells the employer.

An exception would exist if the employer has administered a test for the current use of illegal drugs and an applicant tests positive.