Start Dating the writing of the gospels

Dating the writing of the gospels

The surrounding area was used as an ancient necropolis during the late Second Temple period (first century B. The bone box displays a fluted column on a stepped base and topped by an Ionic capital. E." The archaeologist continues: "But the most exceptional and significant finds were the two ossuaries that, for the first time in an archaeological context, contained a form of the name Qafa', or Caiaphas, a name known to us from both the New Testament and from the first century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus . On one the name is more complete -- "Yehosef bar Qayafa" and "Yehosef bar Qafa" (Joseph son of Caiaphas).

Astonishing as it seems, the burial cave of the Caiaphas family was found, in Jerusalem, by "accident" -- the family of one of the priests who presided at the trial of Jesus.

Workers building a water park in 1990 accidentally uncovered an ancient burial cave, underneath what is now a stretch of road in Jerusalem's Peace Forest. In the burial cave, archaeologists found twelve ossuaries, including one decorated with two six-petaled rosettes within concentric circles. Reburial in an ossuary was rare in Jewish tombs after the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C. Suffice it to say that the form(s) of the name Caiaphas inscribed on these ossuaries is probably the same as that of the well-known family of high priests, one of whom presided at Jesus' trial" ("Burial Cave of the Caiaphas Family," BAR, Sept.-Oct. One of the ossuaries is simply inscribed "Qafa" (ka-FA).

"In Jerusalem itself about 40 PERCENT of the Jewish inscriptions from the first century period (before 70 C. We may assume that most Jewish Jerusalemites who saw the inscriptions in situ were able to read them" ("Jewish Funerary Inscriptions -- Most Are in Greek," Pieter W. These are shocking statements to all who have believed, and taught, that the Jews as a whole were ignorant of Greek during the time of Christ!

Therefore, some of his language gets pretty polemic at times. The article is quite long; choose a link below to go to that particular paragraph: Chapter Two -- Did Jesus and the Apostles Speak Greek? For centuries, scholars have believed -- assumed -- that very few Jews of the first century spoke Greek.

In the New Testament he is simply called "Caiaphas" (Matt.26:3, 57; Luke 3:2; John , -14,24,28; Acts 4:6). The geographical spread of these inscriptions reveal that Jews were living all over the world at that time, especially the Roman period.

In the next article in the same issue of Biblical Archaeological Review, the author, Pieter W. In other words, when Jesus' brother James said in Acts 15, "Moses has been preached in every city for generations past and is read in the synagogues on every sabbath" (v.21), he was simply stating the truth.

In particular, Greek was well understood in "Galilee of the Gentiles," the region where Jesus Christ of Nazareth was raised, and grew up as a young lad.