Start Simple definition of radiocarbon dating

Simple definition of radiocarbon dating

Typically a polychrome cave painting was created in three basic stages, which might vary significantly according to the experience and cultural maturity of the artist, the nature and contours of the rock surface, the strength and type of light, and the raw materials available. First, the outline and basic features of the animal are drawn on the cave wall, either by scoring the surface of the rock with a sharpened stone, or by applying a black outline using charcoal or manganese.

Pictures of humans were an exceptionally rare occurrence, and were usually highly stylized and far less naturalistic than the animal figures.

Abstract imagery (signs, symbols and other geometric markings) was also common, and actually comprises the oldest type of Paleolithic art found in caves of the Late Stone Age, as shown by recent dating results on paintings at El Castillo and Altamira.

Grier of the Piikani Nation of the Blackfoot Confederacy says his people were here first.“The cultural, historic and archeological record of the territory does not support this conjecture and, in fact, contradicts it,” said Grier in a letter addressed to Mayor Naheed Nenshi and Rod Kelland of the Alberta Geographical Names Program.

Alternatively, depending on whether or not the contour of the cave wall made it necessary, additional engraving or even sculpting would be applied to boost volume and relief.

But Grier said that conflicts with a much longer Blackfoot presence in the region.“We use the term ‘time immemorial’ advisedly, given its definition as ‘a time so long past as to be indefinite in history or tradition,’” he said.“For us, in this region, such a period is over 6,000 years ago for what we retain in narrative, in ceremony and song, remains in rock, upon stone, fashioned into projectiles and in layers of buffalo bones.”In comparison, the Stoney first arrived in the region several thousands years later “where they will likely have found more circles of stone laid by our people along the forks of the Saskatchewan and Red Deer Rivers,” wrote Grier, whose First Nation is centred at Brocket, 200 kilometres south of Calgary.

He said major historic sites such as Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, the Writing-on-Stone pictographs, the Majorville medicine wheel and radiocarbon dating at Moose Mountain in Kananaskis Country prove the Blackfoot are the original occupants.

The Stoney Nakoda request is seen as a way of proving the First Nations’ ties to the land in complex litigation with Ottawa over Aboriginal and treaty rights litigation that includes resources and land dating back.